Malware and Computer Viruses: Everything You Need to Know

Malware and Computer Viruses: Everything You Need to Know

Malware and computer viruses are two of the most common cyber threats to computer security. These threats can damage your system in every possible aspect, such as by stealing your personal information, account details, corrupting your files, or even controlling your system. Taking proper preventive measures is necessary for such malicious activities. Be aware of these threats.

What is malware?

Malware is designed to harm your computer in some way. Malware is a program designed to gain access to a computer system. Malware is short for malicious software. It can include viruses, worms, Trojan horses, spyware, and adware. The objective of such malicious software is to gain unauthorized access, mess up system operation, acquire sensitive data, and sabotage a computer or network.

Types of malware :

1) Trojan Horse

2) Ransomware

3) Spyware

4) Adware

5) Rootkits

6) Worms

What is a computer virus?

A computer virus is a type of malware that attaches and replicates itself onto other programs and files. When those files or programs are opened, the virus spreads to other computers. If the virus replication is successful on a certain device, it is considered infected with a computer virus. In this case, the right antivirus software is necessary to protect the system against the computer virus.

Types of Computer Virus :

1) Resident Virus

2) Multipartite Virus

3) File-infecting Virus

4) Browser Hijacker

5) Boot Sector Virus

6) Macro Virus

How do malware and computer viruses spread?

Malware and computer viruses can spread in a lot of possible ways; some of them are listed below:

Email attachments:

Malware can spread through email attachments. Whenever you open a virus-infected attachment, the malware will be installed on your computer.

Infected Websites:

Malware can be downloaded to your system without your knowledge by just opening it on any infected website.

USB drives:

If you insert any infected USB drives into your system, the malware can be installed.

Effects of malware and computer viruses on computers:

Malware and computer viruses can affect your system in the most hazardous way possible. Some of the effects are stated below:

Steal your personal information:

Your personal information, such as your account details, passwords, and other vital information, is stolen by malware.

Damage your files:

Malware can sabotage your files and even delete them.

Take control of your computer:

Malware can control your system and use it to do malicious things, such as sending spam.

How do you protect your system from malware and computer viruses?

There are a number of things you can do to protect your system from malware and computer viruses. Some of the most important steps to take to keep your system safe are:

Use of Antivirus:

Antivirus is a kind of software used to prevent your system from getting affected by the viruses in your system and entirely remove them from your system. There is a necessity of keeping Antivirus in your system to keep your computer safe from all the malicious software.

Keep your software up to date:

Keeping your software updated is an important step, as it often includes security patches that can help protect your system from malicious software.

Use strong passwords:

The use of strong and unique passwords is necessary for your important online accounts, such as emails and bank accounts.

Be aware of the latest threats :

Keeping up-to-date with the latest malware and virus threats is vital for keeping your system safe from the latest malware.


In summary, malware is a broad term that encompasses various types of malicious software, while computer virus is a specific type of malware that spreads by infecting files. Understanding the differences between malware and computer viruses is vital to implementing effective security measures. By staying informed and employing robust cybersecurity practices, individuals and organizations can mitigate the risks associated with these digital threats.

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